May 3, 2019

Mayo Clinic in the News Weekly Highlights for May 3, 2019

By Emily Blahnik, What makes measles so dangerous — 5 minutes with Dr. Roberto Cattaneo of Mayo Clinic.

Washington Post, If you build more activity into your day, you might be able to skip the workout by Daphne Miller — While writing this paragraph, I stood up and sat back down five times, swiveled a bunch in my chair, walked to the kitchen to make a pot of tea, brushed my dog, made my bed and performed at least six seated leg crisscrosses with my feet raised a good 12 inches off the floor. To the casual observer, this might look like a bad case of procrastination, but it all counts to boost my non-exercise activity thermogenesis, or NEAT, which is essentially the energy I burn when I’m not sleeping, eating, resting or deliberately exercising…Endocrinologist James Levine coined the term NEAT when he was the director of the Obesity Solutions initiative at Mayo Clinic. “Anybody can have a NEAT life,” he said. “Our research showed that you can take two adults of the same weight and one can burn an extra 350 kilocalories [per day] simply by getting rid of labor-saving devices and moving more throughout the day.”

Wall Street Journal, The Humble Stethoscope Gets a High-Tech Makeover by Brianna Abbott — The stethoscope is a ubiquitous screening tool and a symbol of the medical profession. It may also need an update….Last year, the Mayo Clinic trained an algorithm to identify ALVD by feeding it ECG data from more than 45,000 patient records.

Reuters, Pediatricians explain viral 'croup' that often affects young children by Carolyn Crist — “Croup is usually self-limited, but it’s also important to know when to seek care once a child shows signs of respiratory distress,” said Dr. Angela Mattke, a pediatrician at the Mayo Clinic’s Children’s Center and host of the “Ask The Mayo Mom” videos on Youtube.  Signs of respiratory distress include inspiratory stridor, labored breathing, bluish lips or decreased alertness. Pediatricians or emergency department doctors may use nebulized epinephrine to decrease inflammation and open the airway to allow better breathing, and steroids may be given as well.

Reuters, Alternative medicine practitioners may market bogus celiac tests, treatments by Lisa Rapaport — The study wasn’t designed to assess health outcomes for anyone who tried the marketed services. But there are many potential harms, including the potential for patients to throw a lot of money away on tests and treatments with no track record of success, said Dr. Joseph Murray, a researcher with the Celiac Disease Program at the Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minnesota. There’s also the risk that patients will be misdiagnosed, or get sicker while a proper diagnosis is delayed, Murray, who wasn’t involved in the study, said by email. “It is well known and often seen that patients who have celiac disease are more difficult to diagnose properly if they have been started on a gluten-free diet without sufficient testing first,” Murray said.

STAT, A year of #MeToo has done little to change medicine for female physicians by Janet Kosloff — … Other female physicians told us about mentoring programs they started. One was Dr. Narjust Duma, a hematologist at the Mayo Clinic who founded a Latinx mentoring group to encourage others who look and sound different than their peers to not be afraid to sign up for medicine’s rigorous career path and maybe even become first in their medical school class — like her.

AARP, The Big News in Transplanting Imperfect Organs by Michelle Crouch — Chuck Boetsch of Palm Harbor, Fla., was desperate for a new pair of lungs. A rare disease was causing the set he had carried for 72 years to harden and scar. He could barely breathe. In November 2017, after 10 weeks on the waiting list, Boetsch got a call that a lung was available — but there was a catch. This lung had some potential problems, enough that other transplant centers didn't want it. But Boetsch's transplant team at the Mayo Clinic in Jacksonville, Fla., had a plan. Before doing the transplant, team members would use a revolutionary technique to fully refurbish, repair and renovate the lung, just like a used car. By the time they transplanted it, they told Boetsch, it should be as good as new.

Woman’s Day, 7 Common STD Symptoms In Women by Josephine Yurcaba — Monitoring your sexual and reproductive health is critical to living a healthy life. Approximately half of sexually active people will contract a sexually transmitted infection by age 25, according to a study conducted by the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. And women who are pregnant or want to become pregnant should face unique risks. In 2017, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention found that cases of congenital syphilis — when a mother passes syphilis to her baby — had more than doubled since 2013.Sexually transmitted diseases and STIs also aren’t always easy to catch — many STD and STI symptoms resemble a common cold or a bad stomach bug. Dr. Daniel Breitkopf of Mayo Clinic spoke with Woman’s Day about common STD symptoms that women should know about, and how to know when you should head to the doctor.

Business Insider, 9 things your chest pains could mean by Sophia Mitrokostas — According to the Mayo Clinic, this often leads to a flow of blood pushing the inner and outer layers of the aorta apart. Though this condition is rare, it is seen often seen in men who are in their 60s and 70s… Esophageal spasms can be painful and alarming, especially if you've never experienced them before. According to the Mayo Clinic, they most commonly affect people between the ages of 60 and 80 and have been linked with high blood pressure, anxiety, and depression.

Reader’s Digest, Anxiety Attack vs. Panic Attack: How to Tell the Difference by Valerie Reiss — People don’t get help for anxiety: Though anxiety disorders are “highly treatable,” according to the ADAA, “only 37 percent of those suffering receive treatment.” This means they are not only battling the symptoms, reports the Mayo Clinic, but they put themselves at risk for ailments like headaches, migraines, high blood pressure, and heart problems. These are 9 signs that you might have an anxiety disorder.

Yahoo!, John Singleton Died of a Stroke at Age 51 Yesterday— His Family Says This Health Problem Could Be the Cause by Maggie O’Neill — …Age is also a risk factor for stroke. "People age 55 or older have a higher risk of stroke than do younger people," according to Mayo Clinic. Additionally, "African Americans have a higher risk of stroke than do people of other races," the site states. Men are more likely to suffer from stroke than women, but women are more likely than men to die if they experience a stroke. The acronym "FAST" is used to help people be aware of the signs of a life-threatening strokes. "F" stands for face. If one side of a person's face is drooping, this could indicate they're experiencing a stroke. "A" stands for arms. Mayo Clinic says that if you think you're having a stroke, you should ask, "Does one arm drift downward? Or is one arm unable to rise up?" These problems are also symptoms of a stroke. "S" is for speech; slurred or unusual speech can be a symptom of stroke. Lastly, "T" stands for time. "If you observe any of these signs, call 911 immediately," Mayo Clinic says. Additional coverage:

Yahoo!, UCF QB McKenzie Milton takes first unaided steps since devastating knee injury by Jason Owens — UCF quarterback McKenzie Milton suffered a devastating knee injury at the end of the 2018 season. He dislocated his right knee against USF and required emergency surgery at a Tampa Bay hospital. He suffered two torn ligaments and nerve damage and hasn’t walked without the aid of crutches since the November injury. That was until Thursday. McKenzie’s mother, Teresa posted video of Milton Thursday walking on his own for the first time since the injury outside the Mayo Clinic in Minnesota where he has been rehabbing. Additional coverage: Total Pro Sports, Orlando Sentinel

Santa Fe New Mexican, Christus St. Vincent joins Mayo Clinic Care Network by Teya Vitu — Doctors and patients at Christus St. Vincent Regional Medical Center now have direct access to specialists at the Mayo Clinic, whose Minnesota campus was ranked as the No. 1 hospital in the nation by U.S. News & World Report. Officials with Christus St. Vincent and the Mayo Clinic — a nonprofit medical research organization and health care provider — announced Tuesday that the Santa Fe hospital has joined the Mayo Clinic Care Network, which has admitted 40 member hospitals from 1,000 applicants since it launched in 2011. Additional coverage: Albuquerque Journal, KOB 4 Albuquerque, Kansas City Star, Associated Press, KRQE News 13, KTTC, CT Post

Health, The Keto Diet Might Prevent Migraines—Here’s What You Need to Know by Maggie O’Neill — To find out how the diet could potentially benefit migraine sufferers, Health spoke to Mayo Clinic migraine expert Jennifer Robblee, MD, a member of the American Headache Society. She tells us that diet in general often comes into play when doctors think about ways to treat people who frequently get migraines.  But when it comes to the keto diet specifically, “the research is still quite young there. There’s a lot for us to learn,” Dr. Robblee says. While going keto might help you if you suffer from migraines, experts aren't sure why.  Changing a person's diet might help keep chronic migraines at bay. Yet right now, not enough data exists for experts to make specific recommendations. “Ketogenic diet is one that has been looked at, [but] right now there’s no one diet that has enough research for us to recommend it," Dr. Robblee explains.

Health Day, Most States Restrict Pregnant Women's Advance Directives: Study by Robert Preidt — For the new study, Mayo Clinic researchers reviewed advance directive laws in all 50 states and the District of Columbia as of February 2019. The findings showed that 38 states have laws that define pregnancy as a condition that affects decisions for incapacitated pregnant women. Eight of those states ask for a woman's pregnancy-specific care preferences. The other 30 limit a woman's or her surrogate's decision about withholding or withdrawing life-sustaining treatment. And 25 of those invalidate a woman's advance directive during pregnancy. Twelve of the states that forbid withdrawal of life-sustaining treatment require it to continue until the woman's fetus can be safely delivered, no matter the stage of pregnancy when the mother became ill or injured, the investigators found.

Post-Bulletin, Pinkeye: not a stay-at-home sentence by Anne Halliwell — Dr. Marcie Billings, a pediatrician at Mayo Clinic, said the new rules simply follow what doctors have known for years. “Similar to kind of a common cold, if you don’t have a fever, if you’re able to go about what you need to do in the day, that would signify, to me, a common scenario,” she said. And if it’s a common, viral infection, it should clear up by itself in a few days. Pinkeye, or conjunctivitis, causes redness, irritation (often burning or grittiness), and sometimes discharge from the eye. Just like the common cold, symptoms will show up heavily for the first few days, and subside over the course of a week, Billings said.

Post-Bulletin, Heard on the Street: Mayo-linked biotech firm raises $32 million by Jeff Kiger — A medical technology firm based on Mayo Clinic research and financial investment raised $7 million last week, bringing its 12-month fundraising total to more than $32 million. St. Louis Park-based NeoChord, founded in 2007, makes a cord or string that is used to repair mitral-valve regurgitation for cardiac patients. Mayo Clinic has a license agreement with Neochord to commercialize the device based on research by cardiac surgeons Dr. Richard Daly and Dr. Giovanni Speziali. Mayo Clinic is also invested in the company.

Post Bulletin, Mayo goes off-label to treat severe bleeding disorder  — For people with a rare bleeding disorder called "hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia," or HHT, simple issues such as a nosebleed can be life-threatening. The disease has no cure. But Dr. Vivek Iyer, a Mayo Clinic pulmonary and critical care physician, found that a drug commonly used for cancer can stop the bleeding and restore quality of life. When you watch Neeta Pai volunteering at a hospital gift shop, you'd never guess that not long ago, she almost died from a debilitating bleeding disease.

Post-Bulletin, Pediatric Single-Incision Robotic Surgery: A First at Mayo Clinic — Mayo Clinic was the first hospital in the world to perform a pediatric procedure with the single-incision Single Port (SP) robot. The SP robot allows surgeons to pass all of their instruments through one incision, potentially creating less tissue damage and causing less pain.

KAAL, Allergy Season Upon Us, Mayo Clinic Health System Doctor Say — With the trees and flowers budding, allergy sufferers are once again dealing with the seasonal sniffles. Dr. Michael Ulrich with Mayo Clinic Health System in Albert Lea and Austin said a number of factors are coming together to bring on the runny noses and watery eyes many are familiar with this time of year. "When snow melts, often there's a release of fungal spores and elements from the ground come up," he said. "Then the pollen, the tree pollen is a big thing that's going to be starting very soon if not now."

KIMT, 470 pounds of medication collected at Olmsted County Drug Take Back Day — Mayo Clinic, Olmsted County Sheriff's Office, and the Zumbro Valley Medical Society hosted a drop-off site at the Gonda Building for National Drug Take Back Day. People drove up and handed over their expired, unused, or unneeded prescription medications. The meds will be incinerated in Mankato. "Keeping them out of our community, keeping them out of our homes is very important just so that people don't get their hands on them and use them for reasons that they're not intended for," says Dr. Robalee Wanderman, anesthesia resident at Mayo. Additional coverage: FOX 47

KIMT, New Gastroenterology pre and post op center at Mayo Clinic by Katie Lange — There will now be more room for patient's family and friends to join them before and after surgery.

KIMT, DMC hosts 3rd annual Destination Medical Center Summit by Annalise Johnson — A crowd full of people gathered in one of the new Hilton Hotel's banquet halls for the 3rd Annual Rochester Destination Medical Center Summit. There were presentations on opportunities in Rochester, the future of the Mayo Clinic, DMC updates, transit development, and affordable housing.

KIMT, New guidelines on screen time for kids (Video) by Jon Bendickson — It's a question we parents have all asked ourselves... how much screen time is too much for our children?...Mayo Clinic says too much screen time has been associated with sleep disturbances, obesity, behavioral problems and developmental delays like expressive speech.

First Coast News, Alex Trebek's fight: Why is pancreas cancer such a beast? by Jeannie Blaylock — We talked with research scientist Dr. Peter Storz at Mayo Clinic-Jacksonville. He says the image above shows pancreas cancer inside the blue outline.  That blue perimeter -- that Wicked Wall -- is dense; more dense than the border around, say, breast cancer, and some other cancers. It's a key reason pancreas cancer is one of the most lethal of all cancers.

First Coast News, Jeopardy's Alex Trebek gets letter from Jax woman also fighting pancreatic cancer by Jeannie Blaylock — Judi Zitiello was diagnosed with stage 3 pancreatic cancer in 2014. Her heart sank when she heard Jeopardy host Alex Trebek has stage 4. She knows only nine percent of people with pancreas cancer are alive five years after diagnosis. "It's a death sentence." But now it's 2019 and she's still here. "It's a miracle. I'm a miracle," she says. She wants Trebek to see the hope she's found through her treatment at Mayo Clinic and in her inner faith.  "I believe the only reason I have been able to beat the statistics of nine percent is my faith in God and my positive attitude," Zitiello says.

South Florida Reporter, Spring Cleaning Health And Safety Tips (Video) — Open the windows, clean the closets and sweep the garage. Springtime means spring cleaning. Mayo Clinic experts want people who are tackling the grit and grime left behind by winter to be safe and healthy in the process. In this Mayo Clinic Minute, reporter Vivien Williams talks to Dr. Clayton Cowl, a preventive, occupational and aerospace medicine specialist, about some tips to safe and healthy spring cleaning.

South Florida Reporter, The Benefits Of Being Socially Connected (Video) — Hanging out with family and friends not only can be fun, but research also shows it benefits your mental and physical health. Dr. Craig Sawchuk, a Mayo Clinic psychologist, agrees that socializing is key to good health. Socializing is good for your mind and body. “We are social animals by nature, so we tend to function better when we’re in a community and being around others,” Dr. Sawchuk says.

Arizona Daily Star, Mayo Clinic study links hot flashes, night sweats to sleep apnea by Deborah Balzer — Menopausal symptoms can be annoying, but did you ever think they could be life-threatening? A Mayo Clinic study found some common menopausal symptoms may be linked to obstructive sleep apnea — a condition that can lead to serious health issues, including increased risks of coronary heart disease, high blood pressure and stroke.

Phoenix Business Journal, Mayo Clinic, ASU renew commitment to proposed 200-acre Phoenix health campus by Angela Gonzales — The proposed 200-acre health "futures" campus would be built on Arizona State Trust land adjacent to Mayo's hospital campus near 56th Street and Loop 101 in north Phoenix.

WQOW Eau Claire, Digging Deeper: The Vaccination Debate by Shannon Hoyt — Chetna Mangat, a pediatrician at Mayo Clinic Health System, helped investigate a measles outbreak in India in 2003. She knows vaccines save lives. “The good thing is that we have a vaccine which is very efficacious,” Mangat said. “If somebody gets one dose, it’s 93 percent effective. Two doses, which we recommend, one at one year of age, and the second dose anywhere between four to six years, then it’s 97 percent effective. So, the only way we can prevent the measles is the vaccination.”

WEAU Eau Claire, Doctors talk on vaccine importance during 'National Infant Immunization Week' by Jesse Home — This is National Infant Immunization Week and it's happening as the number of measles cases in the U.S. hits a 25-year high. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention says there are 704 measles cases across the nation. About 37 percent of all cases involved children four years old and younger. Officials with Mayo Clinic Health System in Eau Claire say there are 14 routine vaccinations for infants to get and stress the importance of getting them as early as possible.

WEAU Eau Claire, Mock crash gives Altoona students reminder of drunk driving consequences by Mitchel Krisnik — A mock car crash for students at Altoona High School gave a sobering look at the consequences of drinking and driving. The annual demonstration was put on by Mayo Clinic Health System and local law enforcement. The crash shows students what happens in the aftermath of a violent crash. After the simulation, speakers talk about how families of the deceased are notified, as well as charges for the intoxicated driver and treatment options for the hurt passengers. Additional coverage: WQOW Eau Claire

WEAU Eau Claire, INTERVIEW: "In the Garden" Dementia Play — Mayo Clinic Health System is sponsoring an upcoming play on dementia that explores the impact the disease has on caregivers. The play is free, open to the public, and includes a light dinner of soup, sandwich, beverage and dessert. Please register online by May 10 at, or call 715-839-4735.

WKBT La Crosse, Youth ambassador named for Big Blue Dragon Boat Festival by Greg White — The youth ambassador was introduced for this year's Big Blue Dragon Boat Festival. Madysen Ryan received this year's honor. Ryan goes to Terry Erickson Boys and Girls Club on La Crosse's northside. The festival supports Mayo Clinic Health System's Center for Breast Cancer, along with the Boys and Girls Clubs of Greater La Crosse.

WXOW La Crosse, Research event for nurses by Dani Smith — Viterbo University hosts the 18th annual nursing research event for area students and professionals in the medical field. Gundersen Health System and Mayo Clinic Health System, along with Logistics Health Incorporated, hosted a research event at Viterbo on Thursday. The event was designed to promote evidence based research and innovative ideas in the medical field.

KEYC Mankato, Girl Scouts Earn Science of Happiness Badge by Alison Durheim — Girls Scouts River Valleys' members earned their Science of Happiness badge April 27, a first-of-its-kind for the region. Learning strengths, goal planning, gratitude and how to appreciate themselves and one another earned the girls their certification. A psychologist at Mayo Clinic Health System in Mankato says the curriculum for the badge is rooted in resiliency techniques. "And the more they actually understand what makes a difference, and that happiness is sometimes something we have to work on; it's not something that always just comes to us and importantly if they can start at this age, they also may not only benefit themselves,  but impact others," said Dr. Lisa Hardesty, psychologist at Mayo Clinic Health System in Mankato.

Owatonna People’s Press, Safely dispose of unneeded prescription drugs with local drug boxes — Mayo Clinic Health System encourages community members to prevent drug addiction and overdose deaths by expanding spring cleaning to the medicine cabinet in honor of National Take Back Prescription Drug Day on April 27. “Patient safety is a top priority and while we often talk about the importance of safely using medications as they are prescribed, disposing of them properly is equally important,” says Rick Knoll, R.Ph, pharmacy manager at Mayo Clinic Health System –Albert Lea and Austin. “Unused or expired prescription medications can be disposed of correctly utilizing the free local drop box programs in your community.”

Mankato Free Press, Springfield Clinic to stay in Mayo Network — Mayo Clinic Health System will continue to operate its Springfield health care facility after Avera Health opted not to pursue a lease transition. The sides had been exploring a potential operational transfer since summer 2018 following ongoing physician shortages in Springfield. Avera made its decision following April 16 community meetings. Springfield's location on the fringe of Avera’s current service area contributed to the decision, according to a statement from the Sioux Falls-based health system. Additional coverage: KEYC Mankato, Post-Bulletin

KEYC Mankato, Encouraging Healthy Habits In the Classroom and Community — Mayo Clinic Health System is once again partnering with Mankato Area Public Schools to reinforce healthy habits in the classroom, at home and in the community…"This is time of life when we get all our habits in place and that's activities and things we eat and I just want to say too, it's not just about fitness we're also doing a lot of mental health stuff about mindfulness and how to become more positive, be better friends, how do we interact with each other," Dr. Graham King with Mayo Clinic Health System Mankato said.

Albert Lea Tribune, Guest Column: 5 ways a registered dietitian can help you by Emily Schmidt — Have you ever wondered what a registered dietitian does or how it might be beneficial for you to seek one? Do RDs just tell people what they can and can’t eat for weight loss? Fortunately for both nutrition professionals and the patients or clients we serve, it’s more complex than that. Registered dietitians are required to have a Bachelor of Science degree in nutrition and dietetics, as well as 1,200 internship hours… — Albert Lea resident Emily Schmidt is a registered dietitian at Mayo Clinic Health System in Albert Lea. She enjoys writing, cooking and spending time with her son and family.

WRVO-Radio, Growing up healthy needs action at all ages, pediatrician says — With childhood obesity rates continuing to rise in the United States, there are efforts parents can take to help their own children, as well as systemic changes that can tackle this growing issue, according to a Mayo Clinic pediatrician. Dr. Brian Lynch is an assistant professor of pediatrics at the Mayo Clinic, and one of his focus areas is on the prevention of childhood obesity. He said obesity is a big problem right now for kids, leading to health concerns down the road like heart conditions, sleep issues and depression. We talk more about this in our interview on "Take Care."

Philadelphia Inquirer, A likely first for a pregnant woman: New heart valve without surgery by Tom Avril — …At the Mayo Clinic, which performed many of the procedures that paved the way for FDA clearance to use the aortic device in the mitral opening, physicians say they are unaware of other pregnant patients who have undergone such a procedure. Transcatheter valves designed specifically for the mitral opening, which is a slightly different shape than the aortic opening, are still in development, said the Mayo’s Mackram Eleid, an interventional cardiologist. But for now, the aortic version is considered a good option. Physicians do not know how long the devices, made from a combination of animal tissue and synthetic material, will last, though they seem to be good for at least a decade.

CBS Sacramento, Do You Have A Cold Or Is It Just Allergies? — Allergies are especially bad this season leaving many sneezing with itchy eyes. But are you sure your symptoms are just caused by the increased pollen in the area? Dr. James M. Steckelberg with the Mayo Clinic explains that the common cold and seasonal allergies have similar symptoms, but are very different diseases.

Bismarck Tribune, Organ transplant recipient grateful for donors: 'They're heroes' by Cheryl McCormack — Two-time liver transplant recipient Dave Hanson, of Mandan, says it’s hard to describe what the days and months felt like leading up to his receiving “the call,” which he experienced twice, letting him know he was a match for an organ he very much needed…Hanson was told to expect the call day or night; it can come at any time. A little more than a month after being placed on the waiting list, on July 5, 2015, the lifesaving call came, just as he was settling in to binge watch “NCIS” on Netflix. In less than an hour, he and his wife, Andrea, were on their way to Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minn. He said they forgot to pack a few things and almost didn’t make it in time for the transplant due to pouring rain.

Midland Daily News, Help fighting cancer: Ronald McDonald House comforts Midland family — As Ruth Pasek of Midland was thinking about the past three months at the Ronald McDonald House of Rochester, Minnesota, a big smile came across her face and she said, "It's hard to have a negative attitude when you're surrounded by so much kindness, generosity and good … even when you're here because you have cancer." Two years ago, Ruth suffered a traumatic brain injury that left her with memory loss. She journeyed to Mayo Clinic for the Pediatric Pain Rehabilitation Clinic. After completing the clinic, Ruth returned home, but suddenly suffered from severe pain in her leg. Her doctors said it was either a bone infection -- or a tumor. So returned to the Mayo Clinic for treatment.

Infection Control Today, Mayo Clinic Physicians Say Fecal Transplants May be Best Answer to Antibiotic-Resistant Bacteria —  Transplanting human donor fecal microbiota into the colon of a patient infected with Clostridiodes difficile (C. diff) may be the best treatment for those not helped by C. diff targeted antibiotics, according to an article in the Journal of the American Osteopathic Association…"Twenty five years ago C. diff infections were easier to manage and often resolved with discontinuation of the initiating antibiotic," says Robert Orenstein, DO, an infectious disease specialist at Mayo Clinic and lead author on this article. "However, these infections have become increasingly common and pernicious." Additional coverage: Medical Xpress, Yahoo! Finance

Healthcare Dive, Mayo Clinic accelerator picks include AI, remote patient monitoring tools by Meg Bryant  — Mayo Clinic and Arizona State University’s jointly run MedTech Accelerator tapped six startups for its inaugural cohort this week, including makers of wearables, apps and monitoring devices. The announcement caps a nationwide competition to find promising early stage medical device and healthcare technology companies and help them develop individually tailored business plans, license intellectual property and sponsor research and clinical studies.  Additional coverage: Business Insider,Mass Device,Med City News

Healthline, Why It’s Difficult to Keep Your Job If You Have Rheumatoid Arthritis by Ashley Boynes — …The researchers noted that people with RA holding manual jobs were at the most risk for RA-related work disability. This isn’t the first study that has come to these conclusions. A 2012 study in the journal Mayo Clinic Proceedings reported that 1 of 5 people with RA isn’t working two years after being diagnosed and 1 in 3 people living with RA leaves the workforce after five years.

GenomeWeb, Mayo Focused on Proving PGx Clinical Utility, Educating Docs After Sequencing 10K Cohort by Turna Ray — With the sequencing now done, study participants with variants in 13 genes associated with drug response have had this information incorporated into their EMRs so that it is accessible to doctors at the point of care via clinical decision support alerts, while information related to the other genes is accessible for research. Richard Weinshilboum, a professor of pharmacology at Mayo Clinic who co-directs the Center for Individualized Medicine's pharmacogenomics program, said his colleagues are now focused on gathering evidence to demonstrate the clinical utility of PGx testing in the population and discover new drug/gene interactions.

SurvivorNet, Why Frailty Matters by Dr. Amanika Kumar — “Frailty is this concept in patients who are vulnerable to stressors,” says Dr. Amanika Kumar, gynecologic oncologist at the Mayo Clinic. One of the factors that can contribute to and lead to frailty is age. Patients who have cancer can also have frailty. However, Dr. Kumar says that age and cancer alone do not produce frailty in general. Frailty can come from a combination of different factors. “We can have a patient who has maybe some heart disease, some renal dysfunction,” says Dr. Kumar. “Maybe they do most of activities on their own but there are a few things they need help with and they’re kind of plodding along in life doing just fine and yet then they have something like a cancer diagnosis and they need surgery or chemotherapy which is what we deal with and that patient will have a hard time recovering.”

Becker’s Spine Review, Mayo Clinic research examines 3D printed spine models by Alan Condon — A group of Mayo Clinic researchers in Rochester, Minn., examined the key trends in spine 3D printing of model spines for simulation training, and are now sharing their findings. The researchers created a vertebral simulator using multiple material printing to generate a spine model that best simulates the interoperative in vivotactile feedback of the cortico-cancellous interface, which has significant implications for the spinal instrumentation industry and resident training. Four key insights from the study…Additional coverage:

MedPage Today, Fungal Infections in Advanced Liver Disease Increasingly Common by Pippa Wysong — Fungal infections are increasingly common in patients with end-stage liver disease. And while bacterial infections are an important cause of death, studies show fungal infections are associated with multiple readmissions, poor prognosis, and increased mortality with poor 30-day survival. "They are more common than you think, and the price of missing them is very high. One should have a high index of suspicion for fungal infections," said Jasmohan Bajaj, MD, of Virginia Commonwealth University and the McGuire VA Medical Center in Richmond, Virginia. … In an interview, Andrew Keaveny, MD, medical director of the Mayo Clinic Florida Liver Transplant Program in Jacksonville, noted that a challenge with fungal infections involves timely diagnosis. "It can take several days for test results to come back, which can delay appropriate treatment," he said.

Healio, Beyond calcium, vitamin D, supplements may do more harm than good for bones — When it comes to optimal bone health and fracture prevention, there is scant evidence for recommending supplementation with vitamins and minerals other than calcium and vitamin D, according to a speaker at the AACE Annual Scientific and Clinical Congress. Despite a lack of empirical evidence that suggests any benefits, consumer surveys show that many people report taking various over-the-counter supplements for bone health, from phosphorus and magnesium to vitamins A, K or C, Daniel L. Hurley, MD, FACE, professor in the division of endocrinology, diabetes, metabolism and nutrition at the Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minnesota, said during a presentation. “For all of these vitamins and minerals and trace elements and their use in skeletal health, the first motto is do no harm,” Hurley said. “There is little data to recommend supplementation for any of these, except for calcium and vitamin D.”

OncLive, Dr. Mansfield on the Current Treatment Paradigm in SCLC — Aaron S. Mansfield, MD, associate professor of oncology, consultant in the Division of Medical Oncology, Mayo Clinic, discusses the current treatment paradigm for patients with extensive-stage small cell lung cancer (SCLC) and highlights ongoing research in the field.

ASCO Post, Robert A. Kyle, MD, Luminary in Myeloma Research: Journey From a One-Room Schoolhouse to Groundbreaking Research by Ronald Piana — “A couple of very impressive members of the faculty had trained at the Mayo Clinic, so I applied there and was accepted,” said Dr. Kyle. “The program required 6 months of laboratory work. One of the options was hematology, something I knew little about, so I signed up. My project involved acquired hemolytic anemia in chronic lymphocytic leukemia and lymphoma. I passed the written exam for my Master’s of Science in Medicine and then wrote a thesis.”

Telegraph UK, What happens to your body in the 48 hours after a marathon? by Tomé Morrissy-Swan — The post-marathon recovery process is one that can take weeks. Torn muscles, battered cells and damaged kidneys are part and parcel of such a lengthy endurance test. From bananas and electrolyte drinks to ice baths and massages, ensuring the correct recovery regime is just as important as proper preparation.

The Guardian, Hand dryers v paper towels: the surprisingly dirty fight for the right to dry your hands by Samanth Subramanian — Against all the sheaves of studies funded by one side or another, there has only been one truly independent research project of note. It was conducted by the Mayo Clinic in 2012, and its authors recommended that paper towels be preferred in places where “hygiene is paramount, such as hospitals and clinics”. This isn’t a premise that dryer companies often contest; their fight concerns the regular public restroom, where they argue that hand dryers are no more or less sanitary than paper towels.

Philippine Star, Up to 47 million Americans may have brain amyloidosis by Charles Change, M.D. — …To carry out a modelling, a doctor extrapolated from data into two prospective longitudinal cohort studies: the Mayo Clinic Study of Aging, and one by Maastricht (the Netherlands) University. The Mayo study followed 1,541 cognitively normal adults and provided data on the rate of transition from normal cognition to mild cognitive impairment (MCI). The study by Dr. Vos and her associates followed 353 subjects with MCI and brain amyloid, and 222 with late MCI as they progress.  It’s the largest prospective study of progression from MCI to AD and also contains data on baseline neurodegeneration and amyloid burden. “These studies gave us the rates of transition from one state to another; for example, the Mayo study gave us rates of transition from normal to amyloidosis: 3% of normal 60-year-olds will convert to this state every year.”

National Post, LISTEN: Scientists develop method to restore speech to those who have had it stolen — … “It’s formidable work, and it moves us up another level toward restoring speech” by decoding brain signals, said Dr. Anthony Ritaccio, a neurologist and neuroscientist at the Mayo Clinic in Jacksonville, Florida, who was not a member of the research group.

HuffPost Canada, Eating Placenta Has No Benefit And May Cause Harm, Canadian Obstetricians Warn by Natalie Stechyson — The placenta is an organ that develops in the uterus during pregnancy to provide oxygen and nutrients to the fetus, and removes waste products from its blood, according to the Mayo Clinic. Proponents of placentophagy (often consumed raw, cooked, or in the form of a pill) say consuming it has physical and psychological benefits to new moms.

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Editors: Emily BlahnikKarl Oestreich

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